Keeshond puppy, wolfspitz - instructions for buyers to care for a puppy
Keeshond puppy, wolfspitz - instructions for buyers to care for a puppy
First days in a new home
To ensure the safety of a small puppy indoors, remove from the reach of his reach all things and household items that the Keeshond puppy can damage, and those items that can harm the puppy himself - electrical wires, small and fragile objects, medicines, household chemicals, cosmetics, etc. etc. In your absence, limit the puppy's stay to the room where the conditions for its safety are created (close it in a separate room until it starts to understand that the surrounding things should not be chewed).
To train the puppy to be clean, put a disposable absorbent diaper measuring 60 * 90 cm (for children or for dogs - no difference), in several places. Wait until the wolfspitz puppy starts to worry, sniff, run from place to place, sit down - and carry it to the diaper. And so constantly, watch the puppy. He does his business immediately after he wakes up and within 10 minutes after eating.
If a puddle or pile is made on site, praise the puppy. A small wolfspitz puppy cannot stand and does his "business" when the need arises, not always having time to reach the right place. You can not scold and punish the kid for this. Usually, puppies learn to tolerate by 4-6 months of age - before that, they will periodically meet their needs where the need is found.
Please note that until the incubation period after re-vaccination has passed (this is at least 5 days), you cannot take the puppy outside and lower it to the ground. Therefore, it is NOT allowed to take the puppy outside to teach cleanliness in the house.
When the age of going out for walks approaches (which is about three months), take the puppy outside immediately after sleeping or eating and walk longer until the puppy does everything it should be outside. Sometimes puppies find it difficult to immediately understand that they should recover on the street, because at first they were taught to do this at home - be patient. In any case, you need to get ready for the fact that for some time puddles and piles of the house are inevitable, so let the diapers remain for now. With a three-time walk, a Keeshonda puppy can learn to endure completely between walks, starting from 5-7 months. This is very individual and depends on many factors - nutrition, feeding and walking regimen, and so on.
A Keeshond puppy will quickly become accustomed to your nighttime sleep pattern if you do not close it separately at night, but leave it to sleep with someone in the room (of course not on the bed). My puppies are trained after turning off the lights in the room and until I get out of bed in the morning to be quiet. You can use the command "Sleep" - this puppy already understands it.
Initially, determine the place where he will sleep, this is of course on the floor, and he will choose this place himself (as a rule, it is near the balcony or door, where it is cool). Woolen dogs sleep on the bed very reluctantly (they feel hot) - you will suffer for a long time to make him sleep there. If you yourself determine a place for him in the house, you will need to accustom him to the command "Place". Every time he tries to leave him and lie down in another place, carry it back and when you lay down say the command "Place" while holding him there. Until it starts to stay there.
You can teach a wolfspitz puppy to eat at 21.00-23.00 pm for the last time in the day, after which it is awake for half an hour or an hour, then it should be sent to the place (if he goes there himself) or carried away, the command "Sleep" will mean that housework and games are prohibited.
You should not play with the puppy at night if he does not sleep, you also need to remove all toys at night, except for the one that the puppy can quietly gnaw if he does not sleep.
Keeshond puppy, wolfspitz - feeding instructions
There are two feeding options - dry food or organic food. But it is very difficult to choose the right ingredients to balance the diet of a puppy with a natural, so I recommend feeding your Keeshond puppy with special food of at least Premium class (Monge, ROYAL CANIN, Bosch, Brit Care, HILLS, EUKANUBA, PRO PLAN и т.д.).
You can continue to feed the puppy with the food he previously had by matching him up to the age of the puppy. Or gradually switch to another type of feed at your discretion. Depending on the type of food you choose, you either continue to feed the puppy with the same diet, or gradually, over several days, replace first part of the serving with new food, then half, then completely switch to the new diet. At the same time, carefully monitor whether the puppy has gastrointestinal disorders or other negative reactions to the new diet. With the introduction of new products in small quantities, such reactions, if they do occur, will be minimal. The same rule applies to any innovations - food, feed, treats, medicines, etc. In general, it is not recommended to give your dog sweets and leftovers from the table. this can lead to GI disease. Treats can be given as a reward, such as biscuits, boiled sausage, or cheese (cut into small pieces), or best of all, special dog training treats (for example, Country Treats are available at pet stores).
A dog eating dry food should ALWAYS have free access to drinking water!
It is very important to monitor the quality of the puppy's coat using additional special vitamins (for example, 8in1 Excel NutriCoat; Polidex Super Wool Plus or Canina Biotin Forte), it is possible that during the growth period there will be a lack of calcium - good also from 8in1 or Polidex.
Chicken bones should not be given, because they are tubular and can damage the esophagus or intestines. Pork bones are harmful because Pork in general, because of its fat content, cannot be given to dogs. You can give beef cartilage, but not in large quantities (once every few days). Pet stores sell inexpensive bones, cartilage, etc. for dogs - it is better to give them 1-2 times a week to clean the plaque from dry food on the puppy's teeth.
At the age of 2 months, Wolfspitz puppies eat 4 times a day at regular intervals. You can set your own routine. Of course, you should not feed at night. By the age of 4 months, you can already switch to 3 meals a day, and after six months the number of feedings can be reduced to 2 times. An adult dog (after a year) can be fed 1 or 2 times a day. Single feeding is carried out in the evening.
Feeding rates are provided by dry food manufacturers and are indicated on the packaging (daily portion in grams or measuring cups), these rates are average, and your puppy may consume a little more or less food, but as a guide these numbers should be used. This is a daily dose, it must be divided by the number of feedings per day and given to the puppy in separate portions. We are guided by the feeding table for the weight of an adult dog 15-20 kg.
The dog's ribs should be felt without much difficulty. This rule applies to all ages! Don't overfeed your puppy! Otherwise, it will be very difficult to bring it to a normal state, and obesity entails a lot of diseases, including skin diseases, which will require surgical intervention and joint problems (up to dysplasia).
The puppy shouldn't have food all the time. A bowl of food is placed for 5-10 minutes, then removed in any case - a portion is eaten or not. If a Keeshond puppy constantly leaves part of the portion in the bowl, this is a reason to think about the reasons: the portion is too large for him, this diet does not suit him in some way, etc. The reason must be dealt with.
The amount of food eaten in puppies increases with age and peaks around 6-7 months of age. During this time, the puppy can eat more than the adult dog. Then the process declines, and at the age of 9-12 months, the puppies experience a slight decrease in appetite, which is associated with the end of the period of active growth and development. This is normal and you shouldn't try to force-feed your Wolfspitz puppy. Just reduce the portion.
Keeshond puppy care, wolfspitz
Combing. Start learning how to brush your fur right away, from puppyhood. For everyday care, you will need a comb with medium-length metal teeth, with non-sharp ends, or a massage-type brush - with metal teeth, no balls at the ends, or with synthetic or natural bristles.
Take your Wolfspitz puppy when he is calm and relaxed, and gently comb his fur all over his body - body, neck, feathers on the legs and pants. Act gently but firmly to stop the puppy's attempts to wriggle out. And he will wriggle and squeak, and when he grows up he will also bite, so immediately persistently and strictly teach him to calmly relate to this procedure.
It is enough to comb a Keeshond puppy and an adult dog once every 7-10 days, or less often. In dogs of this breed, the hair does not roll into mats and does not get tangled due to its structure, but special attention should be paid to the areas behind the ears, armpits and inner thighs - there the hair is thinner, softer and prone to mats.
During the shedding period, combing out should be done more often to remove excess undercoat.
Pay attention to the hygiene of the anus, as on the "priest" of Keeshond's wool is long, then during bowel movements it can get dirty - then the "ass" should be washed with a small amount of shampoo for dogs or laundry soap. It is imperative to thoroughly dry the wool in this place with a towel or hairdryer, otherwise, under the wet undercoat, the skin will start to sour and a skin disease will begin, which will also lead to hair loss in this place. Likewise, after bathing the whole dog, drying is mandatory. The washed dog should not be allowed to lie in a draft or in a cold place.
It is possible to wash long-haired dogs with detergents no more than once every three months (excluding the exhibition period), otherwise the protective oily layer from the hair is washed off and the quality of the coat deteriorates. For washing your dog, it is better to use good quality dog shampoos for long-haired dogs, rinses and conditioners for them.
Train your puppy to wash its feet after a walk. Trim the hair on the paws - from the underside between the toes on the pad and hair in the area of growth of the nails: under the round "cat" foot. This will give the paw a neat look and save you from excess dirt brought from walks, as well as prevent the formation of ice between the dog's toes in winter.
Ears. Teeth. Claws. Periodically clean the inside of the auricle from dirt. A cotton swab or a special ear wipe is perfect for this. It is impossible to climb into the ear canal itself - the ear is cleaned only in the outer ear.
Use a soft baby toothbrush or a special brush for dogs from puppyhood to remove plaque and tartar. You can use a paste that is special for dogs - you cannot use human toothpaste, because it contains fluorine. Wet wipes are now available for cleaning dog teeth, they are impregnated with a cleaning agent and are easy to use. As noted earlier, plaque is well removed.
During the change of teeth (4-6 months), watch out for the timely loss of milk teeth. A milk tooth that has not fallen out can interfere with the correct growth of a permanent tooth - if they are in the gums at the same time, this is more common when changing canines. In this case, you can very gently loosen the milk tooth. Also, when changing teeth, it is useful to let the puppy gnaw on hard objects: toys made of molded rubber, raw vegetables and fruits, bones. If milk canines have not fallen out before 7 months, this is a reason to contact your veterinarian to remove them.
You cannot pull something from the puppy's mouth forcibly, when he does not let go and pulls in the opposite direction, or in this way play the game "Someone will pull someone", especially during the period of changing teeth - this can easily ruin the dog's bite.
For cutting claws, special cutting claws of various types are suitable. Cut the claws constantly as they grow back. The frequency of this procedure is different for all dogs, depending on the individual quality of the claws and on the speed of grinding the claws on walks (claws grind well on the asphalt when you walk the dog for a long time in summer). In winter, the claws grow back quickly. Black claws at Keeshond are opaque, the length of their cutting is difficult to determine by eye, so it is better to cut the claws in a veterinary clinic.
If you did it yourself and blood started to flow, then drop hydrogen peroxide or diluted potassium permanganate into this place.
Keeshond puppy, wolfspitz - ensuring the health of the puppy
Basic physiological data of healthy dogs: body temperature (rectal) ... 37.5-39 ° С.
Vaccinations. Vaccination is carried out in any veterinary clinic - public or private, licensed. When you first apply to the veterinary passport of a puppy, a mark is put on the registration of the dog with the veterinary supervision authorities, for this you must independently fill out the section of the veterinary passport with information about the dog based on the puppy's metric and information about the owner.
Each time after the vaccination is affixed by the clinic employee, the following is entered in the veterinary passport: the date of vaccination, the duration of the vaccination and the stamp of the veterinary institution that carried out the vaccination. It is impossible to release the puppy to the floor in the veterinary clinic until the first two vaccinations are given to him, because not only healthy dogs go there.
The first vaccination is given at the age of 2 months and a week. It is better to choose the proven multivalent vaccines Eurikan or Nobivac. The first vaccination is given without the rabies vaccine. Re-vaccination is given approximately 21-28 days after the first - revaccination (with the rabies vaccine). Then you vaccinate the dog after a year, and then once a year for the entire life of the dog.
The veterinarian may recommend that you do not give rabies vaccine during revaccination until the complete change of teeth, but at the moment modern vaccines do not pose any danger to puppies, so there is no reason to postpone this event until the end of the change of teeth or other later age.
If you are asked to additionally vaccinate a puppy at 6 months (or any other age not provided for in the standard vaccination schedule), ask if there are serious reasons for this - such additional vaccinations are done only in exceptional cases associated with an unfavorable epizootic situation in the region or condition puppy health.
Deworming is the fight against internal parasites. We carry out the first deworming in the nursery, a note about this is put in the veterinary passport. Then you continue to do this throughout the dog's life (preferably at least once every six months) and 10-14 days before each next vaccination.
Protection from external parasites: fleas, ticks, etc. External parasites can carry dangerous diseases - their appearance on your animal is unacceptable. For protection, they usually use: drops on the withers, sprays. When buying these products, pay attention to the age from which the use of the drug is allowed. Not all of them can be applied to small puppies.
Pay attention to the dosage and the correct application of the preparations! Drops and sprays are applied to the skin and base of the coat - the coat is pulled apart with the other hand to access the skin. The dosage of drops and spray is based on the weight of the animal; manufacturers suggest doubling the amount of "zips" of some sprays for dogs with long and thick hair. Carefully study the instructions for use, if the drugs are applied incorrectly, there will be no benefit, and the animal will remain unprotected from parasites.
To protect against ticks and fleas, since 2015, a new drug has been proposed in the form of a tablet for oral use - Bravecto, available in different dosages by dog's weight, used once and offers protection against ticks for 12 weeks. Ticks are generally the scourge of dogs (the bite of an infected tick causes a serious illness - piroplasmosis, which in most cases ends in death). Therefore, limit trips to nature in the summer-autumn period (May-October), where there is no treatment of the area from ticks. It is virtually impossible to find a tick in the thick wool of the Keeshond. Ticks are especially dangerous in the second half of summer and autumn - this is due to their physical activity and metabolic processes in their body.
Be sure to thoroughly completely spray your dog with special tick spray, according to the manufacturer's recommendations. Even if the dog is in a fenced area of your country house or summer cottage. For information, birds are very common carriers of ticks. And even the processing of the garden plot will not give you a 100% guarantee of protection.
Keeshond's puppy got sick. Signs of the disease are: diarrhea, vomiting, refusal to eat, lethargy, depression, profuse discharge from the nose or eyes, fever. Blood in urine, feces, or vomit is also a dangerous sign of health problems. If any of these signs are expressed in a strong form or are repeated many times, this is a reason for a quick call to a veterinarian.
When the environment or food changes, a disorder of the GI stasis may occur, then the diarrhea disappears after a single use of the Enterofuril 100 mg capsule. (for a puppy), for adults, the dosage is 300 mg., Can be given again after 6 hours. If diarrhea persists - see a doctor! You should not self-medicate with the pronounced above signs lasting more than a day.
With the bite of an infected tick within the first hours after the bite, the deterioration of the dog's condition is noticeable - immediately to the veterinary clinic, every minute is precious.
Unfortunately, sometimes veterinary clinics are focused on issuing dubious diagnoses associated with long-term and expensive treatment that is not necessary. In controversial cases, it is better to consult other different doctors or contact a specific doctor for recommendations.
Keeshond puppy walks
From 3 months, a 15-30 minute walk 3-4 times a day will be enough. Further, the duration of the walk needs to be increased, by 2.5 months the puppy will fully withstand an hour's walk, and at 4 months - or more (we are talking about daily regular walks, one-time trips and trips may be longer). Walking at an early age should be free movement. Forced movement, that is, movement on a short leash at the pace and direction you set, should be small, since the Keeshond puppy at this age is not yet physically ready for such loads. The same goes for jogging and cycling with your dog. They can start closer to the year. Be sure to make sure your puppy is not overtired!
If your Wolfspitz puppy lives in a city apartment and does not have free range, then walks play an important role in his physical and mental development. A small puppy still has a strong instinct to follow an older one, and on a walk he will willingly follow you and all other people passing by. Do not let strangers pet the puppy, pick him up or give him a treat, otherwise the adult dog will be too trusting of strangers and can easily be stolen or poisoned.
Always carry a toy, a treat and a good mood while walking: the puppy should know that you (and not passers-by, other dogs or the nearest garbage can) are the main source of all kinds of moral and material amenities. Constantly diversify the walks, gradually introduce the puppy to new sounds, places, people, vehicles, animals, etc. - the dog must be socialized (not be afraid to ride different types of transport, in the elevator, behave decently in busy public places where there are a lot of people and dogs).
If a Keeshond puppy lives on a private plot or in an aviary, he also needs regular trips outside their territory.
Since your puppy will go outside for the first time after all quarantines are over, and this is 3.5 months, be sure to start walking a little. By this age, the puppies have already formed a certain muscular frame and ligamentous apparatus. Moreover, it was formed specifically for a sedentary apartment lifestyle. Therefore, a sharp increase in loads will not have the best effect on the puppy's legs. Do not rush things, gradually increase the duration and intensity of walks. But then, when the puppy gets used to it and gets a little stronger, start urgently to make up for everything that has been lost during the time spent in home quarantine.
Limit the duration of your walks during heat, frost and heavy rain. This is especially true for small puppies - their fluff does not yet have the protective qualities inherent in the coat of adult dogs, and does not protect the baby from heat, cold and moisture.
When growing in an apartment during the growth of a Keeshond puppy, devote as much time as possible to walking, up to several hours a day! This will lay the foundation for your dog's good physical condition for life. Opportunities for correct development missed at this age cannot be compensated for in the future.
Only release your puppy off-leash in a fenced-in area or where you are confident in its safety. If there is no such place nearby, take the puppy out of town or to the country house on a weekend so that he can run freely. If there is no place where you can release the puppy, then use a long (4-5 meters) leash or tape measure. A very common problem is Firecrackers, every year dogs run away from them and get lost, frightened by pops and noise.
Puppies take great pleasure in getting to know other dogs. But you must decide for yourself whether your puppy can communicate with an unfamiliar dog: look at her behavior, ask her owner if his dog is aggressive. Do not hope that "an adult dog will never offend a puppy." Unfortunately, this is not always the case, and a puppy can receive serious physical and mental injury as a result of an attack by an adult dog, especially fighting breeds.
The best match for the puppy is a group of peers of the appropriate size. They have the same interests and the same games. But make sure that playing with the company does not become your puppy's only activity on the street. Let this be only part of the walk, and devote most of the puppy to communicating with you - playing, training.
Ammunition. You will need a collar and leash (or tape measure) for walking. We recommend thin strap collars. They have two advantages: they do not wipe the coat and they tighten tightly around the neck when the dog jerks. It is almost impossible to get out of such a stranglehold, unlike an ordinary collar. A small stranglehold of a suitable size and length is purchased for the puppy. Then, as it grows, the stranglehold is replaced with a longer one.
Dash chains are not suitable for shy or very sharp dogs. For Keeshond puppies, textile straps are preferable - light and flexible.
In puppyhood and adulthood, you can also use harnesses according to the size of the dog, but as practice shows, the dog on the harness is poorly controlled by the owner and can arbitrarily pull in different directions.
Leash: its length is chosen depending on the purpose, and the material can be almost any. For walking and teaching the approach of a small puppy (2-4 months), a long (3-5 m) light nylon leash is convenient, which allows you to control the puppy, and at the same time gives him sufficient freedom of movement.
When buying ammunition, pay special attention to the attachment points: rings, carbines. They should be strong, metal, without cracks, preferably a welded joint of the edges of the rings (otherwise it will easily unbend at an unexpected moment and the dog will break free - God forbid, it will not be near the road). Plastic carabiners and latches are suitable only for ammunition of the smallest puppies, as they withstand only a slight pulling force.
Nowadays, roulette leashes are popular. They can be of different lengths, made in the form of a cable or tape (which is safer). Several meters of tape allow the dog to have sufficient freedom of movement. However, the design of the tape is such that the rope / tape is constantly under tension in a free state, and this provokes the dog to pull constantly as well. A loose tape measure can pose a certain danger to both your dog and others, so be careful.
Must have a muzzle in stock for an adult dog.
Keeshond puppy, wolfspitz - our recommendations for education and training
You start to educate from the very first day, as the Keeshond puppy got into your house. The initial upbringing of a small puppy is reduced to explaining to him the concepts of "can" and "no".
It is pointless to punish a small puppy - he will not understand why you offended him, and may start to be afraid of you. It is better to create conditions for him in which the puppy will not have the opportunity to make mistakes, misbehave or do something forbidden: remove valuable things from the reach instead of scolding the puppy for spoiling them, lay out more diapers to make it easier for the puppy to "get" into the right place, etc. And remember - before you demand obedience from your puppy, make sure that you explain your requirements to him correctly and give him a task that is feasible for his age.
The main rule "Do not allow a puppy to do what you do not allow an adult dog to do" is always relevant. Determine immediately what will and will not be allowed for the dog, and maintain these requirements at all times. This also applies to other family members. Otherwise, from time to time the dog will try to do it - "what if it gives a ride."
Training. Keeshond is a well-trained dog, and you can easily cope with teaching your dog simple commands. Firm execution of commands such as "to me", "stand", "place", "fu", etc. essential for your dog in life.
Classes with the puppy are carried out in the form of a game, and should cause him positive emotions. The duration of the lessons is short - 5 minutes once or twice a day, as small puppies get tired quickly and lose interest in the lessons. Be sure to reward your puppy for doing it correctly with a treat and praise. Dogs and puppies are also very sensitive to the intonation of your voice.
Keeshonds learn more complex skills with great pleasure, if you take any kind of training with your dog (general course of training (OKD), agility, freestyle, frisbee, etc.), you will see how happy work brings this dog. and what results you can achieve in this! But this can be started no earlier than 5 months and dosed, the loads should correspond to the age: the physical and mental strength of the puppy.
What documents should our Keeshond puppy, Wolfspitz have
Puppy metric. When you buy a puppy, you will receive a puppy metric (puppy card) with it. This is the primary document of our head canine organization - RKF. The metric contains basic data about the puppy: breed, name, brand, gender, color, etc. The metric also indicates the local canine organization (club) that issued this document, and there is a round seal of this organization and the signature of the person in charge. The columns with the owner's data (name, address) are filled in by hand - they are filled in legibly, preferably in block letters..
The metric consists of two identical parts that duplicate each other: the metric and the voucher. The metric can later be exchanged for a pedigree. The tear-off coupon remains with the owner.
Pedigree. This is a document confirming the origin of the dog and some of its individual characteristics - sex, color, brand (chip) and so on.
You get the pedigree in the RKF system by handing over the puppy's metric with the filled data to the owner. Registration of a pedigree is paid, it is a targeted contribution for registering a dog in the Unified Pedigree Book of the RKF with the issuance of a Certificate of Origin (pedigree). The RKF office is located in Moscow, so the pedigree exchange is carried out through one of your local clubs, which will charge you their commission for the exchange and delivery of documents. Up to 15 months, you can use the puppy's metric to sign up for shows, then the metric will be invalid for these purposes.
I hope the above information will be useful to the buyers of our puppies who want to buy a Keeshond puppy, but also to all visitors to our site. From our side, we are always open to cooperation and are ready to answer all your questions. You can call us at the numbers listed below or write us a message.